Science of Gymnastics Journal

“With this issue (17th) we cross the threshold of 100 published articles which is quite a significant number for a highly specialized journal,” editor Ivan Cuk writes …

Cuk, who sits on the Faculty of Sport at the University of Ljubljana (SLO), has been the editor-in-chief of the journal since its first publication in 2009 …

The February 2015 edition of the journal includes six articles on varying topics, including “Low Back Pain and the Possible Role of Pilates in Artistic Gymnastics” and an analysis of “Landing Characteristics In Men’s Floor Exercise at the 2004 European Championship” as well as historical notes on Larissa Latynina (USSR), Vera Caslavska (CZE) and Viktor Cukarin (USSR). …

Download the entire Journal on the publication’s website here.


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Damian Jeraj and Thomas Heinen

(via FIG)

National Injury Database

Dr. Bill Sands as put up some preliminary data from his proposed crowdsourced national injury database for gymnastics.

Only 103 injury reports, so far, but here’s a sample graphic showing the kind of visuals that can be produced.

sample data

See other graphs like this here.

The more injury reports submitted, the better. If you’ve got some injury stats from your club, please click over to and contribute. It’s completely anonymous. This could be very valuable.

Bill Sands articles

Dr. Bill Sands is now posting some of his research on Advanced Study of Gymnastics. For example:

Vault Board Take Offs – What’s with the “Target” on the Top?

Puzzles and Paradoxes – Gymnastics


He found that Spring Boards vary greatly. That the best place on the Board to jump for each gymnast, for each vault, is often NOT the place on the Board coaches expect.

That’s a very interesting finding. It’s well worth clicking through.

His article includes a screen grab from a video of Sang Lan’s vault from the 1998 Goodwill Games NYC. The one where she was paralyzed. :-(

I’d always heard that no video of that vault existed. It does.

related –

Dr. Sands is asking coaches to submit information on Gymnastics Injury.

11 January 2015

Dr. Bill Sands:


Bill SandsI would like to enlist your help in creating and supporting a national injury database for gymnastics. The database is an attempt to gather nationwide injury data by a “crowdsourcing” approach.

“Crowdsourcing is the process of obtaining needed services, ideas, or content by soliciting contributions from a large group of people, and especially from an online community, rather than from traditional employees or suppliers.”

Many of us have called for a national injury database for gymnastics injuries. Sadly, these calls have failed because of lack of resources, imagination, funding, and will. I hope this attempt will be successful. I know that the success or failure of the database will depend on your willingness to participate and your vigilance in continually submitting injury information.

You should know that personal identifying information will not be acquired. Your participation is completely anonymous. Participants simply fill in a form. I will process the data and add it to a database. The database will be maintained offline to ensure that the dataset cannot be hacked. The results of analyses of the continually accumulating data will be published periodically on the website.

I hope you will help.

Here’s the website:


Wm A Sands, PhD, FACSM, CSCS
2300 South 2100 East
Salt Lake City, UT 84109

wmasands (a)

The Advanced Study of Gymnastics

Sports Medicine at Colorado Springs

Dr. Bill Moreau, Managing Director of Sports Medicine at the Colorado Springs Training Center, shows us around the USA’s Training Camp. He tells us about the sports medicine side of the complex, including recovery and prevention of injury.

Click PLAY or watch it on YouTube.

NCAA – feet apart on landing

One of the bigger scoring complaints that gets tossed around during the NCAA season is about landing stuck dismounts with feet apart. Are the judges taking this deduction? Should it be a deduction? Should it be a deduction only for the school I want to lose?

So, I thought people might be interested in the clarification given by the joint technical committee this spring (which can be found in a recent newsletter if you want to read the whole thing).

Regarding landings on vault and dismounts on uneven bars and balance beam: No deduction applied for landing with feet a maximum of hip-width apart, provided that they join (slide) the heels together on the controlled extension. If the entire foot/feet are sliding or lifted off the floor to join, it is considered a small step and a deduction of up to 0.10 would be applied. Landing with feet further than hip-width apart will receive a 0.10 deduction. A deduction of up to 0.10 would be applied for landing with feet staggered (one foot in front of the other).

Keep in mind that when a deduction is “up to,” the full “up to” value is almost never taken in NCAA. Otherwise, the scores would be more like JO. …

Balance Beam Situation


mechanics – feather vs bowling ball

Compare the two falling with air resistance. And then in a vacuum.

Click PLAY or watch it on YouTube.

(via iflscience)