Entries Tagged 'sport medicine' ↓
March 7th, 2014 — Gymnastics, physical preparation, safety, sport medicine
Last week in Part I of this post I outlined my thoughts on what some contributing factors may be to a gymnast suffering an Achilles tear. …
… I personally feel that daily integration of pre-hab into training is an essential part of training in order to make sure that gymnasts stay healthy, perform at their best, and have a lengthy career. …
1) Be Smart About Training, and Know Signs of Injury Starting
By far the biggest preventative method coaches and gymnasts can use is to remember that there are many times during gymnastics where it may be more beneficial to train smarter, not always harder. …
2) Working on the Soft Tissue of the Calf Muscles, and Ankle Joint
… work on the soft tissue/ joint mobility for the ankle and calf muscles.
The first easiest way is to use a dense foam roller or PVC pipe wrapped in tape (a bit less forgiving) to roll out some of the tightness in the calf. …
3) Use Proper Stretching of The Gastrocnemius and Soleus
The easiest way I have found for gymnasts to correctly work on their calf stretching (other than the typical calf stretch in a warm up) is to use the end of a beam base.
The same type of stretch can be done with a bent knee to target the solues muscle.
4) Pro-Actively Addressing Flat Feet/Excessive Pronation, and Single Leg Stability
5) Work on Hip Flexor and Quadricep Soft Tissue Mobility
Another area that tends to become chronically tight and restricted on gymnasts are the hip flexors and quadricep muscles …
6.) Use Proper Jumping, Landing, and Impact Mechanics
… I’m sure as many people read this more ideas will come up about things I did not touch on. Areas like equipment, the code, other structural biomechanics, and proper training certainly can be expanded on. The concept of some gymnasts not having enough muscular strength and development to handle the forces of gymnastics is an entirely different topic …
read much, much more – Hybrid Perspective – Combating Achilles Tears In Gymnastics (Pt II): Pre-Hab Techniques and How To Help Possibly Reduce Injury
David Tilley PT, DPT is a Physical Therapist at Bay State Physical Therapy in Salem MA and a women’s optional gymnastics coach for North Shore Wildcat’s in Beverly MA.
February 23rd, 2014 — floor (men), floor (women), Gymnastics, sport medicine
The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon in the human body. Older, powerful gymnasts are at risk of snapping them.
Dave brainstorms possible causes:
… a gymnast may be taking forces 9x – 17x their body weight with every tumbling pass,
Who may be taking a very high number of turns per day/week/month
Who may have flat feet and looses shock absorption, which also causes almost double the force to go through the inside of the Achilles tendon,
Who most likely has tight/shortened calf muscles getting pulled on forcefully during impact
Who also may have very bad squatting and landing technique at baseline causing a lot of force to go through the ankle joint and Achilles
Who may not possess the adequate strength and muscular/neuromuscular capacity to handle the forces of gymnastics
Who may not be completely ready for the complicated tumbling skill or dismount at the end of their routine
Who is in a very stressful, fatigued physical/mental state trying to perform during the middle of their competitive season
Possibly landing on mats that have seen better days and aren’t ideal for landing
Hybrid Perspective – Combating Achilles Tears In Gymnastics (Pt I): Investigating Possible Contributing Factors
February 19th, 2014 — floor (women), Gymnastics, NCAA, sport medicine
Auburn gymnast Bri Guy tore both her Achilles tendons in a blink of an eye last Friday, had surgery Wednesday …
She’s facing six to nine months of rehabilitation. …
Auburn turned in its second-highest score in school history with last Friday’s 197.100 against Alabama. Now, Auburn will press on without one of its top performers this Friday against Georgia …
Blowing out both Achilles is unusual, to say the least. But Graba said they usually go in gymnasts on takeoffs, which is what happened to Guy.
AUBURN’S BRI GUY TEARS BOTH ACHILLES, PROMISES TO RETURN
February 14th, 2014 — Gymnastics, Olympics, sport medicine
An inspiring montage dedicated to Aliya’s comeback from knee surgery.
Click PLAY or watch it on YouTube.
(via Couch Gymnast)
February 12th, 2014 — books & manuals, Circus, psychology, sport medicine
After reading former Olympic gymnastics hopeful Putignano’s sinister yet intoxicating memoir of addiction, recovery, and more addiction, you wind up feeling like one of his closest friends.
The first-time author, who now portrays Crystal Man in Cirque du Soleil’s traveling production of Totem, divulges what must be nearly every significant detail of his journey from the basement of his parents’ Massachusetts home, where as an 8-year-old he taught himself flips using old couch cushions; to the U.S. Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs …
February 11th, 2014 — Gymnastics, safety, sport medicine
Dave Tilley and Joe Myhren posted a detailed article on how professionals can assess risk of serious knee injury. The post opens with some alarming statistics:
Traumatic knee injuries such as ACL tears are 4-6 times higher in female athletes compared to males for jumping and landing sports, with some study models suggesting even a 10 times greater risk at baseline
This risk may be increased 10 fold for the young female athlete of high school age, meaning some models would place certain high school aged gymnasts to be 14 – 20x more likely to suffer an injury at baseline
The estimated cost of medical management following traumatic knee injuries is between $17,000 – $25,000 per injury.These numbers can further increase with more complex injuries that require extensive medical interventions and rehabilitation.
Some traumatic knee injuries have been associated with potential long term loss of sports participation, lowered academic performance, long term disability, major functional deficits, and a significant risk of future meniscal injuries/ knee osteoarthritis.
Best practice is to avoid serious knee injury. Teach great technique from a young age to lower risk later in life.
The article includes many graphics. A couple of examples:
If interested, click through.
Prevention of Traumatic and Progressive Knee Injuries In Gymnastics: Assessing Risk Using Jumping, Landing, and Squatting Technique
February 4th, 2014 — Gymnastics, Olympics, safety, snow and ice, sport medicine
Reports are that Lais is improving, little-by-little.
Lais Souza, Brazilian gymnast turned freestyle skier, was injured after a training accident in Salt Lake City. She has suffered severe damage to her spine leaving her without movement in her arms or legs. The 25 year old previously helped her team qualify and compete in the 2004 and 2008 Summer Olympics. …
Souza was skiing with her Canadian coach Ryan Snow at Park City and it is known she was wearing a helmet at the time of injury. …
Click PLAY or watch a montage on YouTube.
Like most everyone, I assumed Lais was injured training Aerial Skiing for the Olympics. The video hints at that.
Actually she ran into a tree on a warm-up run.
One of the biggest names in Winter Olympic sport, Shaun White, was injured training in Sochi. But says he should still be able to compete.
SAFETY should be the #1 priority at the Winter Olympics.
related – Winter Olympics 2010: luge competitor Nodar Kumaritashvili killed in training accident
February 4th, 2014 — Gymnastics, parents, psychology, sport medicine
Great episode this month. Julia Bombach has a goal to compete for the Dutch National Team.
English subtitles. Videoproductions by www.sports2visuals.com.
Click PLAY or watch The Hard Way To Success – Episode 10 on YouTube.
She’s competing WOGA.
January 30th, 2014 — Olympics, safety, snow and ice, sport medicine
A Brazilian gymnast who was due to compete in the freestyle skiing competition at the Sochi Olympics is fighting for her life after hitting a tree during a recreational skiing session in Utah.
Lais Souza, 25, is unable to move her arms or legs and can’t breathe on her own following the accident which occurred on Monday. …
Doctors haven’t declared Souza paralysed, but admit there’s a possibility of permanent damage.
“She dislocated a vertebrae near the top of her spine,” said Dr. Andrew Dailey, a neurosurgeon with University of Utah Health Care. …
Gymnast Lais Souza fighting for life after accident
(via Brigid Couch Gymnast McCarthy)
January 24th, 2014 — bars, beam, ethics, floor (women), Gymnastics, judging, NCAA, safety, sport medicine, sport science, vault
GymCastics has lately been including Evan Heiter @yoEv as another of their pundits on the terrific weekly audiocast. Great choice. Evan’s entertaining and knowledgeable.
On the other hand, last week’s episode 71 is titled “The Chest Position Enforcement Bureau“.
Too much deduction on landings for “chest position” is an error.
It happens a lot in WAG NCAA. Judges kill terrific vaults, ignoring multiple technical and form breaks for weaker vaults.
The goal of a landing is to bring huge impact forces to zero. Efficiency on the skill of landing will help reduce landing injuries.
Uchimura is as good as any gymnast who ever lived. Check his shoulder position.
Kohei is using every possible shock absorber, including trunk and hip flexion.
Any set of rules that deducts this performance is ethically, medically and biomechanically wrong. Indeed, young kids should be taught to land like Uchimura from a young age.
Deducting “chest low” is like deducting a gymnast for lack of foot point on the sprint for Vault.
… that said, there are SOME unsafe landings — poorly controlled — that should be deducted. This one, most likely.
Dr. Joshua Eldridge in the comments:
Love it…you are so right on with this post. Our number one goal in gymnastics needs to be protecting athletes from injury.
Increased angular joint movement (proper movement of the hips/knees on landing) is proven to reduce the load placed on the body by allowing muscles to absorb the forces and displace the energy through movement and heat.
Well said that it is unethical to deduct for athletes protecting themselves!!!! I agree fully.
According to the LESS (Landing Error Scoring System), 30 degrees is the optimal hip angle and building more core control can help our athletes maintain this hip angle and not “bow” as much. This 30 degree angle also makes sure glutes are activated which is an important mechanism to make sure the spine is protected.
January 24th, 2014 — floor (men), floor (women), Gymnastics, sport medicine, sport science
In Session 6 of the Gymnast Care Podcast, we sit down with Dr. Bill Sands and discuss his history in the sport of gymnastics, from the beginnings when he taught himself how to do gymnastics, through college, and the start of his coaching career at Mid America Twisters.
We then get into the meat of this podcast talking about how to protect your gymnast through proper biomechanics, strength training, and recovery.
Listen to Bill interviewed by Dr. Joshua Eldridge on Gymnast Care. Or download the MP3 from that page. (about 1hr 15min)
January 19th, 2014 — ethics, physical preparation, safety, sport medicine, sport science
I’m quite worried about this looming issue.
The idea is simple: to alter our genetic makeup, the very building blocks of who we are, in order to make us stronger or faster. The practicalities are highly complex. …
Back in 2003, Wada (World Anti-Doping Agency) banned gene doping. …
BBC – Gene doping: Sport’s biggest battle?
Picture from Andy Miah’s book Genetically Modified Athletes
January 13th, 2014 — floor (women), Gymnastics, NCAA, sport medicine, vault
The Utes won the meet with a 196.65, followed by Boise State (195.85), BYU (194.55) and SUU (192.025) in front of 14,910 at the Huntsman Center.
The night got off to a bad start when standout Kassandra Lopez tore her Achilles tendon during warmups. …
The Utes compared the situation to last year when standout Corrie Lothrop suffered the same injury early in the season.
Utah gymnastics: Utes overcome setback to win opener
It looks like Kassandra is out for the season.
At the Alabama meet, coach Patterson said that Kayla Williams injured her Achilles’ tendon in warm-ups.
What percentage of NCAA women injure their Achilles?